Posts in Category MFLI

How to Demodulate Multi-frequency Signals such as AM, FM and PM

on 20.03.2018 at 13:26 by Mehdi on Blog of Mehdi Alem
Introduction  When analyzing signals with multiple frequency components, it is important to measure the amplitude and phase of each frequency component accurately so that a change in the characteristics of one component does not affect the measurement of another frequency component. There […]

Kramers–Kronig Test Applied to Impedance Measurements of Electrical Circuits

on 25.09.2017 at 06:57 by Mehdi on Blog of Mehdi Alem
Introduction  In this post, the Kramers-Kronig relations are used to verify the results of an impedance measurement experiment performed by the Zurich Instruments MFIA Impedance Analyzer or MFLI Lock-in Amplifier equipped with the MF-IA option. The Kramers-Kronig relations state that the real […]

SPM Users’ Meeting in Mainz

on 21.07.2017 at 15:08 by Romain Stomp on Blog of Romain Stomp
It was an honor and privilege to host our first SPM Users’ Meeting in Mainz this year, in the group of Prof. Angelika Kuehnle. This 2-day gathering was a time for intense knowledge sharing among Zurich Instruments’ Users with invited […]

Noise Analysis of Signal Components

on 29.03.2017 at 13:57 by Mehdi on Blog of Mehdi Alem
Introduction  In this post, the relation between the noise of signal amplitude and phase on one hand and the noise of in-phase and quadrature components of the signal on the other hand is investigated. We try to respond to the wrong […]

Fast auto-approach with MFLI Threshold Unit to control stepper motor

on 22.02.2017 at 11:19 by Romain Stomp on Blog of Romain Stomp
In many applications where the distance between two objects need to be reduced to a predefined gap, the ability to control a stepper motor with clear stop conditions from different sensors is of high practical interest. Such functionality can be […]

Time-Domain Response of Lock-in Filters

on 09.02.2017 at 08:36 by Mehdi on Blog of Mehdi Alem
Introduction  The heart of a lock-in amplifier is a phase-sensitive detector which includes a signal mixer and a low-pass filter. In this post, we focus on the time response of the low-pass filters implemented in Zurich Instruments lock-in amplifiers including […]

The Nyquist Diagram for Electrical Circuits

on 11.01.2017 at 07:10 by Mehdi on Blog of Mehdi Alem
Introduction The Nyquist diagram of a transfer function is a parametric plot of its imaginary part versus real part as the frequency sweeps in a certain range [1]. When dealing with electric circuits, the transfer function is the immittance [2] of the […]