Posts in Category MFIA

Synchronization of Multiple MFLI Lock-in Amplifiers by MDS

on 16.09.2019 at 00:00 by Mehdi
Introduction  Multi-channel signal generation and detection are indispensable in many applications such as multi-qubit quantum computing and multi-sensor systems. Synchronization of signal channels comes to the equation when the temporal sequence of events is of interest, especially for fast physical […]

Frequency-Domain Response of Lock-in Filters

on 19.03.2019 at 18:10 by Mehdi
Introduction  The response of a lock-in amplifier is characterized by the parameters of its low-pass filter (LPF), i.e. time constant and filter order. The temporal response of the LPF demonstrates the latency of measurement while its spectral response shows the […]

Kramers–Kronig Test Applied to Impedance Measurements of Electrical Circuits

on 25.09.2017 at 06:57 by Mehdi
Introduction  In this post, the Kramers-Kronig relations are used to verify the results of an impedance measurement experiment performed by the Zurich Instruments MFIA Impedance Analyzer or MFLI Lock-in Amplifier equipped with the MF-IA option. The Kramers-Kronig relations state that the real […]

Time-Domain Response of Lock-in Filters

on 09.02.2017 at 08:36 by Mehdi
Introduction  The heart of a lock-in amplifier is a phase-sensitive detector which includes a signal mixer and a low-pass filter. In this post, we focus on the time response of the low-pass filters implemented in Zurich Instruments lock-in amplifiers including […]

The Nyquist Diagram for Electrical Circuits

on 11.01.2017 at 07:10 by Mehdi
Introduction The Nyquist diagram of a transfer function is a parametric plot of its imaginary part versus real part as the frequency sweeps in a certain range [1]. When dealing with electric circuits, the transfer function is the immittance [2] of the […]